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Diagnosis

  • Pancreatitis is a disease caused by inflammation of the pancreas. The pancreas has many functions related to digestion and the regulation of blood sugar levels.

  • The definition of a pneumothorax is an accumulation of air outside the lungs, but inside the chest wall. The air outside the lung prevents the lungs from inflating normally, and can lead to lung collapse. There are several variations of pneumothorax.

  • With modern drugs and sophisticated equipment, the risk associated with general anesthesia and surgery is minimal for a healthy pet. However, the potential for complications still exists, and the best way to minimize the risk is for your pet is to have a complete pre-surgical evaluation performed before the procedure.

  • A blood test detects pregnancy in the bitch by measuring levels of a hormone called relaxin. This hormone is produced by the developing placenta following implantation of the embryo, and can be detected in the blood in most bitches as early as 22-27 days post-breeding.

  • Having your pet properly prepared before blood collection helps to ensure that test results are as accurate and reliable as they can be. Sometimes abnormal test results say more about how the pet was prepared than about true illness.

  • One of the most common and useful medical diagnostic procedures is radiography or x-rays. The term x-rays originates from 1895 when the German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen discovered the technique. Since he was unsure what exactly was producing the image on his plates, he titled his paper "On a New Kind of Rays" and the term "x"-rays was substituted for "unknown rays."

  • One of the most common and useful medical diagnostic procedures is radiography or x-rays. The term x-rays originates from 1895 when the German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen discovered the technique. Since he was unsure what exactly was producing the image on his plates, he titled his paper "On a New Kind of Rays" and the term "x"-rays was substituted for "unknown rays."

  • ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone) is a hormone produced by the pituitary gland. The term endogenous simply refers to the ACTH that is produced by the animal itself (as opposed to synthetic ACTH, which is used for diagnostic testing purposes).

  • Serum is the liquid portion of blood. Serum is collected by placing a tube of clotted blood in a machine called a centrifuge, which spins the blood very quickly in a small circle, forcing the cells to the bottom of the tube and allowing the serum to sit on top.

  • Electrolytes are the salts and metallic components that are dissolved within the blood serum, and are involved in most of the body's daily functions.

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