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Small Mammals + Medications

  • Diazoxide is used to treat certain tumors (insulinomas) in ferrets and to treat low blood sugar secondary to excessive insulin secretion in dogs.

  • Metoclopramide (brand names Reglan® and Maxolon®) is used to off label to treat esophageal reflux, prevent or treat vomiting, stimulate milk-let down, and increase milk production. It is available as an oral tablet, oral liquid suspension, and as an injectable form. Your veterinarian may have you inject metoclopramide under the skin if vomiting is an issue. Metoclopramide may interact with many commonly prescribed drugs so it is important to tell your veterinarian about any medications that your pet is currently taking.

  • Omeprazole (brand names Gastrogard® and Prilosec®) is used to off label to treat ulcers in cats and dogs. It is also used to treat gastritis in dogs and gastroenteritis in ferrets. Side effects to omeprazole are not common, but can include vomiting, decreased appetite, gas, and diarrhea. Other drugs may interact with omeprazole so it is important to tell your veterinarian about any medications or supplements that your pet is taking.

  • Pyrantel pamoate (brand name Nemex®) is an oral anthelmintic used in the treatment of intestinal parasites. It is also present in combination products. Side effects are usually mild and are typically as a result of the expulsion of the intestinal worms. Some medications can interact with pyrantel pamoate so it is important that your veterinarian knows about all medications your pet is taking.

  • Ranitidine (brand name Zantac®) is used to treat gastrointestinal conditions in cats and dogs for the treatment and prevention of ulcers occurring in the stomach and small intestine. It may also be used to stimulate bowel activity in cats and rabbits. Its use in veterinary medicine is off label or extra-label. There are very few reported side effects of ranitidine. It is available over the counter, but should never be given without the guidance of your veterinarian. Some commonly prescribed medications can interact with ranitidine so it is important to tell your veterinarian about any medications that your pet is taking.

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